500 HO+ / 800 HO+ (Ebay UK / EU): https://ebay.to/2XIwJfX
Spare mesh trays (Ebay UK / EU): https://ebay.to/2FcAaEk
500 HO+ / 800 HO+ (Amazon): https://geni.us/ZtUAoLj
US Version of filter (Amazon): https://geni.us/yB35tMy
Foams for intake pipe (UK): https://geni.us/vv1t
Foams for intake pipe (US): https://geni.us/LjSi1V
Foams and Biohome media: http://www.filterpro.co.uk
(FilterPro site has links to suppliers in other countries)
Biohome Ultimate on Amazon UK: https://geni.us/GDV8oLd
Biogravel on Amazon UK: https://geni.us/o98PP
Another very affordable filter from All Pond Solutions which has an equivalent in the US to keep my viewers over the pond happy.
Considering how much media this filter holds, flow rate and features it packs a lot into a relatively small package – I love the idea of a removable ‘cartridge’ which has media baskets which can be filled with media of choice.
WHAT IS A FULL CYCLE?
*If someone tells you the aquarium nitrogen cycle ends with the production of nitrate that is incorrect – please read on*
A full cycle is completed by bacteria – the aerobic part of biological filtration which processes ammonia to nitrite and nitrite to nitrate followed by an anaerobic part which processes nitrate into soluble nitrogen which bubbles off to the atmosphere.
Therefore it requires a suitable amount of excellent quality filter media to be able to provide the environment for both aerobic AND anaerobic bacteria – that is what Biohome ultimate does perfectly but even with such good media there are limitations and we recommend the following amounts for different stocking scenarios:
(1 US gallon = 3.8 litres)
(1kg = 2.2 lbs)
Average community tropical aquarium = 1kg per 100 litres
Average coldwater aquarium = 1kg – 1.5kg per 100 litres
Predator aquarium = 1.5kg – 2kg per 100 litres
Large cichlid aquarium = 1.5kg – 2kg per 100 litres
Malawi / Tanganyikan aquarium = 1.5kg – 2kg per 100 litres
Marine aquarium = 1.5kg – 2kg per 100 litres
Average mixed fish pond = 1kg per 200 litres
Average koi pond = 1kg per 150 litres
You may be disagreeing with the above figures but remember that they are for a FULL CYCLE not half a job – achieving 0 ammonia and 0 nitrite is quite easy since aerobic bacteria grows freely on any surface but the anaerobic bacteria responsible for COMPLETING the cycle needs more a specialized habitat.
Size a filter properly, set it up sensibly and you will have perfect water – it’s that simple….and your filter won’t be the dreaded ‘Nitrate factory’.
This series of videos is all about trying to squeeze more efficiency out of internal and external aquarium filters which generally have a limited filtering capacity – If you have a filter you’d like me to feature in a video then please contact me on:
Anyone who sends a filter (UK only at present) will have it upgraded and returned to them for free and the only cost you will pay is how much it costs to ship it to me – I’m helping to boost your filter and the resulting videos will hopefully be useful to viewers all over the world so it’s a win/win.
The following videos will be useful to anyone interested in learning more about filtration, bacteria and making the conditions for your fish as good as possible:
Sizing a canister properly and filter set up: https://goo.gl/om19un
Looking INSIDE different filter media: https://goo.gl/hZWS6c
Bacteria and filter media: https://goo.gl/123gAF
How to clean an aquarium: https://goo.gl/bPMhvh
Aquarium tips / filtration playlist: https://goo.gl/pXgqVj
This channel is purely a hobby for me so I will never ask viewers to donate money for any of my projects or charge anyone for information – information should be shared freely and I certainly don’t consider myself an ‘expert’ in anything I pursue as a hobby so please do your own research, never accept anything as ‘fact’, reject anyone claiming to be some sort of authority or ‘expert’ and make your own minds up about anything you wish to study.
We all are on a long path of learning………
Panasonic HC-VX870 HD camcorder http://geni.us/3UwE
+Rode stereo microphone: http://geni.us/4OL
Zomei Z666 tripod: http://geni.us/1a1af3
Manfrotto MTPIXI-B PIXI mini tripod: http://geni.us/87f7
If you’ve enjoyed this video please check out the playlists on my channel for hundreds more – on a variety of subjects.
Feel free to share or link any of my videos on facebook, twitter, forums etc. for the benefit of anyone you think may also enjoy watching.
See you next time.